Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Roberto Benigni's moving film, Life is Beautiful, is a film that is set in a concentration camp and combines comedy with the seriousness of the extermination of the Jews in Nazi Germany during the Holocaust. In Life is Beautiful, the real purpose of the film, is a love story on many levels. It is a tale about a man and his Ã¢â¬Å"principessaÃ¢â¬ , a man and his son, a man and his life. It is a tale about choosing how to exist and choosing how to die. The movie was primarily made for entertainment, using the Holocaust as its setting. Despite the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s failed attempt to really capture the seriousness of the Holocaust, certain details still appear to be accurate. The removal of clothing at the arrival at the concentration camp, the showers, the separating of the families, the lack of food, and the unnecessary gassing of hundreds of Jews, are clearly shown throughout the movie just as it occurred years before. Guido, the main character, is sent to part from his beloved wife, and taken to the other side of the camp with his son. Wanting to keep the truth away from his son, he explains...
Monday, January 13, 2020
The Print Shop and Anglian Digital Solutions have been merchandising since 1998 and prides itself on quality and dependability. We produce both litho-printing aimed at medium to long tallies, and digital printing for print tallies of up to 1000 transcripts. Both of our printing services are backed with our in-house design studio to assist give your concern the border. We like to impart our client Ã¢â¬Ës demands right, bring forthing your merchandise in the most cost effectual manner so we have split the company into two different concern watercourses. The Print Shop for all lithographic demands and Anglian Digital Solutions for digital print. All citations are channeled into the right concern watercourse to give you value for money.Accounting:Accounting is the art of recording, sum uping, coverage, and analysing fiscal minutess. An accounting system can be a simple, useful cheque registry, or, as with Microsoft Office Small Business Accounting 2006, it can be a complete record of all the activities of a concern, supplying inside informations of every facet of the concern, leting the analysis of concern tendencies, and supplying penetration into future chances. When you study accounting you are basically larning this specialised linguistic communication. This is because the information required by most organisations is really similar and can be broken down into three chief classs:Operating InformationThis is the information that is needed on a daily footing in order for the organisation to carry on its concern. Employees need to acquire paid, gross revenues need to be tracked, the sums owed to other organisations or persons need to be tracked, the sum of money the organisation has needs to be monitored, the sums that clients owe the organisation demand to be checked, any stock list demands to be accounted for: the list goes on and on.AFiscal Accounting InformationThis is the information that is used by directors, stockholders, Bankss, creditors, the authorities, the populace, etcaÃâ Ã ¦ to do determinations affecting the organisation and its operations. Shareholders want information about what their investing is deserving and whether they should purchase or sell portions, bankers and other creditors want to cognize whether the org anisation has an ability to pay back money Lent, directors want to cognize how the company is making compared to other companies. This type of information would be really hard to pull out if every company used a different system for entering their fiscal place. Fiscal accounting information is capable to a set of land regulations that dictate how the information is reported and this ensures uniformity.AManagerial Accounting InformationIn order for the directors of a company to do the best determinations for a company they need to hold specific information prepared. They use this information for three chief direction maps: planning, execution and control. Fiscal information is used to put budgets, analyze different options on a cost footing, and modify programs as the demand arises, and control and supervise the work that is being done.ABalance SheetA Balance Sheet is a position study that shows information about the organisation Ã¢â¬Ës resources at one given clip. Examples of info rmation found on a balance sheet are how much hard currency is in the bank, what is owed to creditors, and the value of the company Ã¢â¬Ës assets.Income StatementAn Income Statement ( besides called a Statement of Net incomes, Statement of Operations, or a Net income and Loss Statement ) is a study that shows the flow of grosss ( sums earned from concern activity ) and disbursals ( sums paid in the class of operations ) over a given period of clip, typically a month, one-fourth, or twelvemonth.Statement of Cash FlowAs the name suggests, this is besides a flow statement that inside informations the motion of hard currency through the organisation over a specified period.AThe whole intent of accounting is to supply information that is utile and relevant for interested paras when doing determinations sing the company and its operations. In order to make that efficaciously, a specific linguistic communication and subsequent regulations have been developed for users of the information. By larning accounting you learn these regulations and can so pass on fiscal information with others in a comprehendible and comparable mode.Finance Operation:It is an authorization which is discerning with finding the criterions and determinations doing. It besides function allocates resources, including the geting, puting, and managing of resources. These maps are performed in all organisations, irrespective of their sizes, legal signifiers of organisation and they contribute to the endurance and growing of the house. Finance maps are concerned with the basic concern activities of a house, in add-on to external environmental factors which affect basic concern activities, viz. , production and selling. Current fiscal factors impacting the finance map include: Pressures to optimise fiscal public presentation Frequent alterations in accounting criterions Increased coverage and revelation demands Increased conformity demandsAccounting Techniques:Control techniques provide directors with the type and sum of information they need to mensurate and supervise public presentation. The information from assorted controls must be tailored to a specific direction degree, section, unit, or operation. To guarantee complete and consistent information, organisations frequently use standardised paperss such as fiscal, position, and undertaking studies. Each country within an organisation, nevertheless, uses its ain specific control techniques, described in the undermentioned subdivisions.Fiscal controls:After the organisation has schemes in topographic point to make its ends, financess are set aside for the necessary resources and labour. As money is spent, statements are updated to reflect how much was spent, how it was spent, and what it obtained. Directors use these fiscal statements, such as an income statement or balance sheet, to supervise the advancement of plans and programs. Fiscal statements supply direction with information to supervise fiscal resources and activities. The Ã¢â¬Å" income statement Ã¢â¬ shows the consequences of the organisation Ã¢â¬Ës operations over a period of clip, such as grosss, disbursals, and net income or loss. The Ã¢â¬Å" balance sheet Ã¢â¬ shows what the organisation is deserving ( assets ) at a individual point in clip, and the extent to which those assets were financed through debt ( liabilities ) or proprietor Ã¢â¬Ës investing ( equity ) . Fiscal audits, or formal probes, are on a regular basis conducted to guarantee that fiscal direction patterns follow by and large accepted processs, policies, Torahs, and ethical guidelines. Financial ratio analysis examines the relationship between specific figures on the fiscal statements and helps explicate the significance of those figures: Liquidity ratios: step an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës ability to bring forth hard currency. Profitability ratios: step an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës ability to bring forth net incomes. Debt ratios step an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës ability to pay its debts. Activity ratios: step an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës efficiency in operations and usage of assets. In add-on, fiscal duty centres require directors to account for a unit Ã¢â¬Ës advancement toward fiscal ends within the range of their influences. A director Ã¢â¬Ës ends and duties may concentrate on unit net incomes, costs, grosss, or investings.Budget controls:A budget depicts how much an organisation expects to pass ( disbursals ) and earn ( grosss ) over a clip period. Sums are categorized harmonizing to the type of concern activity or history, such as telephone costs or gross revenues of catalogs. Budgets non merely aid directors plan their fundss, but besides assist them maintain path of their overall disbursement. Budget development processes vary among organisations harmonizing to who does the budgeting and how the fiscal resources are allocated. Some budget development methods are as follows: Top-down budgeting: Directors prepare the budget and direct it to subsidiaries. Bottom-up budgeting: Figures come from the lower degrees and are adjusted and coordinated as they move up the hierarchy. Zero-based budgeting: Directors develop each new budget by warranting the jutting allotment against its part to departmental or organisational ends. Flexible budgeting: Any budget exercising can integrate flexible budgets, which set Ã¢â¬Å" meet or round Ã¢â¬ criterions that can be compared to outgos.Selling controls:Selling controls help supervise advancement toward ends for client satisfaction with merchandises and services, monetary values, and bringing. The following are illustrations of controls used to measure an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës selling maps: Market research gathers data to measure client needs-information critical to an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës success. Ongoing market research reflects how good an organisation is run intoing clients Ã¢â¬Ë outlooks and helps expect client demands. Marketing statistics step public presentation by roll uping informations and analysing consequences. In most instances, competence with a computing machine spreadsheet plan is all a director needs. Directors look at selling ratios, which step profitableness, activity, and market portions, every bit good as gross revenues quotas, which step advancement toward gross revenues ends and aid with stock list controls. Unfortunately, scheduling a regular rating of an organisation Ã¢â¬Ës selling plan is easier to urge than to put to death.Human resource controls:Human resource controls aid directors modulate the quality of freshly hired forces, every bit good as proctor current employees Ã¢â¬Ë developments and day-to-day public presentations. On a day-to-day footing, directors can travel a long manner in assisting to command workers Ã¢â¬Ë behaviours in organisations. They can assist direct workers Ã¢â¬Ë public presentations toward ends by doing certain the ends are clearly set and understood. Directors can besides establish policies and processs to assist steer workers Ã¢â¬Ë actions. Common control types include public presentation assessments, disciplinary plans, observations, and preparation and development appraisals. Because the quality of a house Ã¢â¬Ës forces, to a big grade, determines the house Ã¢â¬Ës overall effectivity, commanding this country is really important. Performance restrictions: Although direction information systems have the possible to increase overall public presentation, replacing long-time organisational employees with information systems engineering may ensue in the loss of adept cognition that these persons hold. Additionally, computerized information systems are expensive and hard to develop. After the system has been purchased, organizing it-possibly with bing equipment-may be more hard than expected. Consequently, a company may cut corners or put in the system heedlessly to the hurt of the system Ã¢â¬Ës public presentation and public-service corporation. And like other sophisticated electronic equipment, information systems do non work all the clip, ensuing in dearly-won downtime. Behavioral restrictions: Information engineering allows directors to entree more information than of all time before. But excessively much information can overpower employees, cause emphasis, and even slow determination devising. Therefore, pull offing the quality and sum of information available to avoid information overload is of import. Health hazards: Potentially serious health-related issues associated with the usage of computing machines and other information engineerings have been raised in recent old ages. An illustration is carpal tunnel syndrome, a painful upset in the custodies and carpuss caused by insistent motions ( such as those made on a keyboard ) . Regardless of the control processes used, an effectual system determines whether employees and assorted parts of an organisation are on mark in accomplishing organisational aims.Statistical Techniques to Test a Hypothesis:A statistical hypothesis trial is a method of doing statistical determinations utilizing experimental informations. In statistics, a consequence is called statistically important if it is improbable to hold occurred by opportunity. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å" trial of significance Ã¢â¬ was coined by Ronald Fisher: Ã¢â¬Å" Critical trials of this sort may be called trials of significance, and when such trials are available we may detect whether a 2nd sample is or is non significantly different from the first. Hypothesis testing is sometimes called confirmatory informations analysis, in contrast to exploratory informations analysis. In frequence chance, these determinations are about ever made utilizing null-hypothesis trials ; that is, 1s that answer the inquiry Ã¢â¬Å" Assuming that the void hypothesis is true, what is the chance of detecting a value for the trial statistic that is at least every bit utmost as the value that was really observed Ã¢â¬ ? One usage of hypothesis testing is make up one's minding whether experimental consequences contain adequate information to project uncertainty on conventional wisdom. Statistical hypothesis testing is a cardinal technique of frequents statistical illation, and is widely used, but besides much criticized. The chief direct option to statistical hypothesis testing is Bayesian illation. However, other attacks to making a determination based on informations are available via determination theory and optimum determinations. The critical part of a hypothesis trial is the set of all results which, if they occur, will take us to make up one's mind that there is a difference. That is, do the void hypothesis to be rejected in favour of the alternate hypothesis.Undertaking 2:Identifying Users of Accounting Information:So accounting exists in order to supply information for interested parties to do determinations, now we can logically inquire: Ã¢â¬ËWho are these interested parties? Ã¢â¬Ë and Ã¢â¬ËFor what sort of determinations is accounting information required? Ã¢â¬Ë Figure 1.1 shows the major groups of people who have an involvement in an organisation. The figure relates to a private sector concern but minor changes in the rubrics of the participants would do it every bit relevant to any organisation Ã¢â¬â for illustration, a authorities section, a local authorities unit, a charity, a nationalized industry, a school or a college. Staying with the illustration of a private endeavor concern, we can place the types of determination that each of the participants might necessitate to do with regard to the organisation and the information required. These are as follows: proprietors, the authorities, direction, clients, providers of goods and services, loaners, employers, rivals and anteroom groups.OwnersAOwners are concerned with doing two types of determinations: Investing determinations ; and Stewardship decisions.A Investing determinations are chiefly concerned with increasing the wealth of the proprietors. Those who own concerns usually do so with the purpose of increasing their wealth. Therefore, proprietors will wish to measure the extent to which the concern has generated fiscal benefits ( net incomes etc. ) and the likely future chances of the concern. They will besides wish to measure the grade of hazard associated with their investing in the concern. Information associating to associated hazards and returns will be utile when make up one's minding whether to keep or sell their ownership involvement in the concern. In larger concerns, the proprietors tend non to exert daily control over the activities of the concern. Alternatively, directors will frequently run the concern on behalf of the proprietors. This possible struggle creates a demand among proprietors to have accounting information from the directors that reveals how the resources of the concern have been used. The proviso of information by directors to proprietors for this intent is referred to as stewardship accounting. Government: A authorities may necessitate information from a concern for a assortment of grounds including revenue enhancement, ordinance, economic direction and authorities contracts. Tax: A Businesss are taxed on the footing of their accounting net incomes ( capable to certain accommodations ) ; authorities ( in the signifier of the Inland Revenue ) needs information on each concern in order to make up one's mind how much revenue enhancement to charge. Economic direction: Governments may besides utilize accounting information associating to concerns to assist in the general direction of the economic system. For illustration, accounting information may be utile in make up one's minding whether to give support to concerns in a peculiar industry.Fiscal Statement Restrictions:The first restriction is that they are ever in the past tenseÃ¢â¬ ¦ they look back, non in front. Second, they merely reflect fiscal minutess. So all the of import things that are go oning in the company, the industry and the market place are non reflectedÃ¢â¬ ¦ has at that place been a direction reorganization, has the company fallen behind in merchandise development or engineering, has a rival late introduced a great merchandise, are at that place pending ordinances that will impact the company. Many things can impact the computation of ratios and do comparings hard. The restrictions include: The usage of estimations in apportioning costs to each period. The ratios will be every bit accurate as the estimations. The cost rule is used to fix fiscal statements. Financial information is non adjusted for monetary value alterations or inflation/deflation. Companies have a pick of accounting methods. These differences impact ratios and do it hard to compare companies utilizing different methods. Companies may hold different financial twelvemonth ends doing comparing hard if the industry is cyclical. Diversified companies are hard to sort for comparing intents. Fiscal statement analysis does non supply replies to all the users Ã¢â¬Ë inquiries. In fact, it normally generates more inquiries.Non Financial Key Performance Indexs:Non-financial cardinal public presentation indexs, or KPIs, enable companies to mensurate the consequences of theirA Ã¢â¬ corporate duty and sustainability Ã¢â¬ A enterprises. By integrating the appropriate KPIs into their procedure, companies can derive a more comprehensive apprehension of how good they are run intoing their corporate duty aims. As organisations embark on environmental, societal and governance enterprises, they are detecting that fiscal steps entirely do non supply an accurate appraisal of their corporate duty advancement. For illustration, traditional fiscal indexs do non to the full capture all facets of a company Ã¢â¬Ës relationships with its clients, employees and providers, or stand for its attempts with regard to sustainability.Budgets and Budgetary Function:Budget:A budget is a program expressed in quantitative, normally pecuniary term, covering a specific period of clip, normally one twelvemonth. In other words a budget is a systematic program for the use of work force and material resources. In a concern organisation, a budget represents an estimation of future costs and grosss. Budgets may be divided into two basic categories: Capital Budgets and Operating Budgets. Capital budgets are directed towards proposed outgos for new undertakings and frequently require particular funding. The operating budgets are directed towards accomplishing short-run operational ends of the organisation, for case, production or net income ends in a concern house. Operating budgets may be sub-divided into assorted departmental of functional budgets.The chief features of a budget are:1. It is prepared in progress and is derived from the long-run scheme of the organisation. 2. It relates to future period for which objectives or ends have already been laid down. It is expressed in quantitative signifier, physical or pecuniary units, or both. Different types of budgets are prepared for different purposed e.g. Gross saless Budget, Production Budget, Administrative Expense Budget, Raw-material Budget etc. All these sectional budgets are afterwards integrated into a maestro budget, which represents an overall program of the organisation.Budgetary Control:No system of planning can be successful without holding an effectual and efficient system of control. Budgeting is closely connected with control. The exercising of control in the organisation with the aid of budgets is known as budgetary control. The procedure of budgetary control includes: 1. Preparation of assorted budgets. 2. Continuous comparing of existent public presentation with budgetary public presentation. 3. Revision of budgets in the visible radiation of changed fortunes. A system of budgetary control should non go stiff. There should be adequate range of flexibleness to supply for single enterprise and thrust. Budgetary control is an of import device for doing the organisation. More efficient on all foreparts. It is an of import tool for commanding costs and accomplishing the overall aims.Alternate Methods for Cost Analysis:There is a assortment of attacks to be analysis, the suitableness of any of which depends upon the intent of an appraisal and the handiness of informations and other resources. It is seldom possible or necessary to place and quantify all costs and all benefits ( or outcomes ) , and the units used to quantify these may differ. Main types of cost analysis include the undermentioned. Cost-of-illness analysis: a finding of the economic impact of an unwellness or status ( typically on a given population, part, or state ) e.g. , of smoke, arthritis or pressure sores, including associated intervention costs Cost-minimization analysis: a finding of the least dearly-won among alternate intercessions that are assumed to bring forth tantamount results Cost-effectiveness analysis ( CEA ) : a comparing of costs in pecuniary units with results in quantitative non-monetary units, e.g. , reduced mortality or morbidity Cost-utility analysis ( CUA ) : a signifier of cost-effectiveness analysis that compares costs in pecuniary units with results in footings of their public-service corporation, normally to the patient, measured, e.g. , in QALYs Cost-consequence analysis: a signifier of cost-effectiveness analysis that presents costs and results in distinct classs, without aggregating or burdening them Cost-benefit analysis ( CBA ) : compares costs and benefits, both of which are quantified in common pecuniary units.Restrictions of Budgetary Controls:The aim of direction accounting is to assist directors accomplish the missions and schemes established for their endeavor. It is a subdivision of accounting that provides fiscal and other information to directors. A cardinal function for direction comptrollers is to set up the control systems used to accomplish organisational ends and minimise hazards. One of the most of import of these is budgetary control, a powerful tool that encourages planning, sets mileposts, evaluates public presentation and suggests waies for betterment. Management comptrollers besides develop information systems that communicate strategic and operational precedences to managerial determination shapers. The aim of this class is to assist participants better understand the function and operation of the budget control and to locate it within the larger context of direction control. Using cognition already acquired in earlier degrees of the MBA plan, this class will allow pupils to get cognition on: Ã¢â¬â the public-service corporation and operation of a budget control procedure ; Ã¢â¬â the design of the budgetary control system as a map of the organisational scheme ; Ã¢â¬â the finding of cost behaviour ; Ã¢â¬â the usage of budgets to pull off grosss, costs and net incomes ; Ã¢â¬â the relationship between direction control and organisational construction ; Ã¢â¬â the organisation of fiscal information in a comprehendible, flexible, accessible and utile signifier to authorise determination devising ; Ã¢â¬â the rating of public presentation for different administrative units within the organisational construction ; Ã¢â¬â the development and usage of non fiscal public presentation steps.Undertaking 3:Business Evaluation:It is a procedure and a set of processs used to gauge the economic value of an proprietor Ã¢â¬Ës involvement in a concern. Evaluation is used by fiscal market participants to find the monetary value they are willing to pay or have to consummate a sale of a concern. In add-on to gauging the merchandising monetary value of a concern, the same rating tools are frequently used by concern valuators to decide differences related to estate and gift revenue enhancement, divorce judicial proceeding, allocate concern purchase monetary value among concern assets, set up a expression for gauging the value of spouses Ã¢â¬Ë ownership involvement for buy-sell understandings, and many other concern and legal intents.Methods for Measuring a Business:Asset AccumulationThe Asset Approach is based on the premiss that it is by and large possible to neutralize the belongings, works and equipmen t ( PP & A ; E ) assets of a company and after paying off the company Ã¢â¬Ës liabilities the net returns would accrue to the equity of the company.Discounted hard currency flow methodThis rating method based on free hard currency flow is considered a strong tool because it concentrates on hard currency coevals potency of a concern. Since hazards are non ever easy to find exactly, Beta uses historic informations to mensurate the sensitiveness of the company Ã¢â¬Ës hard currency flow, for illustration, through concern rhythms.Market ValueThis rating method is applicable for quoted companies merely. The market value is determined by multiplying the quoted portion monetary value of the company by the figure of issued portions. This rating reflects the monetary value that the market at a point in clip is prepared to pay for the portions. This rating method loosely takes into history the investors Ã¢â¬Ë perceptual experiences about the public presentation of the company and the dire ction Ã¢â¬Ës capablenesss to present a return on their investings.Corporate Hazard:It is a planetary, full-service concern intelligence and hazard direction house. We offer clients a full suite of services to cut down exposures to planetary hazards, A prehend upon concern chances, andA protect employees and assets. Our clients run or seek to run in many of the universe Ã¢â¬Ës emerging markets, A and our services are designed to extenuate the hazards of prospecting and runing in these hard parts. We provide the insight necessary for clients to do of import concern determinations in a timely, efficient and comprehensive mode.Cost of Capital:The cost of capital is the cost of a company Ã¢â¬Ës financess ( both debt and equity ) , or, from an investor Ã¢â¬Ës point of position Ã¢â¬Å" the expected return on a portfolio of all the company Ã¢â¬Ës bing securities. Ã¢â¬ It is used to measure new undertakings of a company as it is the minimal return that investors expect for suppl ying capital to the company, therefore puting a benchmark that a new undertaking has to run into.Debt vs. Equity:There are two types of funding: equity and debt funding. When looking for money, you must see your company Ã¢â¬Ës fiscal strength. The more money proprietors have invested in their concern, the easier it is to pull funding. If your house has a high ratio of equity to debt, you should likely seek debt funding. However, if your company has a high proportion of debt to equity, experts advise that you should increase your ownership capital ( equity investing ) for extra financess. That manner you wo n't be over-leveraged to the point of endangering your company Ã¢â¬Ës endurance.Factors Effecting Capital Cost Structures:Business hazard:Hazard associated with the nature of the industry the concern operates and if the concern hazard is higher the optimum capital construction is required.Tax place:Debt capital is regarded as cheaper because involvement payable is deductible f or revenue enhancement intents. Advantage non much for concerns with undiminished revenue enhancement losingss, depreciation revenue enhancement shield as they already have an bing lower revenue enhancement load.Fiscal flexibleness:Depends on how easy a concern can set up finance on sensible footings under inauspicious conditions. Flexibility in raising finance will be influenced by the economic environment ( handiness of rescuers and involvement rates ) and the fiscal place of the concern.Managerial manner:How much to borrow besides depend on directors approach to finance hazard. Conservative directors will usual seek to maintain the debt equity ratio depression.Decision:The concern analysis performed by analyst reduces waste, creates solutions, completes undertakings on clip, Improves efficiency, Document the right demands and it besides reduces the hazard and helps in the growing of the company.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
According to the DSM-IV(2000), Borderline Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following: 1. Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment. 2. A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation 3. Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self 4. Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating) 5. RecurrentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Similarly, their self-image can change rapidly from extremely positive to extremely negative. Impulsive behaviors are typical among persons with borderline personality disorder, including alcohol or drug abuse, unsafe sex, ga mbling, and reckless disregard for personal safety. Self-destructive acts such as cutting and burning themselves as well as repeated suicidal threats and behaviors are common. These reactions are often out of proportion to the objective situation. Persons with borderline personality disorder may show powerful expressions of anger, panic, and despair followed by terrible feelings of self-recrimination and guilt. Such emotions are often superimposed on ongoing feelings of emptiness and loneliness (American psychiatric association, Consumer Family Information 2001). As a result, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is considered heterogeneous syndrome manifested by a vulnerability to affective instability, cognitive-perceptual distortions, and behavioral dyscontrol in the context of a chronically unstable interpersonal style. At times of interpersonal stress, patients with BPD often present an acute symptom picture characterized by (1) affective states, such as depression, anger, and hostility, (2) cognitive and perceptual distortions, chiefly schizotypal symptoms such as referential thinking, paranoid ideation, illusions, and dissociation, and (3) impulsive-aggressiveShow MoreRelatedBorderline Personality Disorder And Mental Health Disorder1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder Ã¢â¬Å"What does borderline personality mean, anyhow? It appears to be a way station between neurosis and psychosis: a fractured but not disassembled psyche. Though to quote my post-Melvin psychiatrist: It s what they call people whose lifestyles bother them,Ã¢â¬ (Kaysen, 2014). Borderline personality disorder is a very serious mental health disorder and it has been around for many years. It is, like the quote says above, people whose lifestyles bother them. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t haveRead MorePsychology : Borderline Personality Disorder1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRunning head: Borderline Personality Disorder The Study of Borderline Personality Disorder Olivia Wright Blue Ridge Community College Abstract Borderline personality disorder (BPD) falls into cluster b category which is characterized as dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders. People with borderline personality disorder are characterized by their volatile and unstable relationships; they tend to have persistent problems in early adulthood, with frequent hospitalization, unstable personalRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Borderline )1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Borderline Personality Disorder Could you picture yourself being brought face to face with an individual who has a personality similar to a mine field? In other words where or when he/she will explode is never known. This type of personality disorder is called borderline personality disorder. Borderline Personality Disorder is one of the most scariest and hidden disorders that have baffled our society as well as many health professionals for many years. The DSM IV defines borderline personalityRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder : Psychological Disorder1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Borderline Personality Disorder Kelsea P Porter Psychology Mrs. Kline 22 November 2015 Borderline Personality Disorder When instructed to write a 3-5 page paper over a psychological disorder I wondered to myself what disorder could I do to interest me enough to take so much time to look into. What one disorder would I have to force myself to research and write about that would not be completely painful? This is when I decided to write my paper over the Borderline Personality Disorder, the disorderRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder Essay1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder is a pattern of instable moods, relationships, and a sense of identity. The Borderline Personality Disorder is usually found in the Axis I of the DSM-IV, it is can be qualified as a mood disorder because of the disturbance in mood and most Borderlines tend to have substance abuse problems, which is also found in Axis I. But Borderline Personality Disorder can also be categorized in the Axis II, because it is a personality disorderRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Borderline )1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Borderline Personality Disorder is named borderline personality disorder because at one point in history they considered this disorder to be on the Ã¢â¬Å"borderlineÃ¢â¬ between neurosis and psychosis. Borderline personality disorder is a severe mental disorder that impacts an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, relationships, and mood. The disorder usually begins during adolescence or young adulthood. People with BPD have a tendency of rapid change in attitude or feelings toward others because they cannot regulateRead MoreDiagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorders Essay1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiagnostic process for personality disorders currently covers a broad scope of various tests and symptoms, causing a source of frustration for psychiatrists (Aldhous). The symptoms and side effects of several personality disorders can tend to blur together, making diagnosis challenging (Aldhous). Most psychiatric patients are diagnosed with several personality disorders at onc e, with twenty percent of people with personality disorders simply diagnosed with a Ã¢â¬Å"personality disorder not otherwise specifiedÃ¢â¬ Read MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bipolar Disorder )1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIV four types of psychopathology describe Borderline Personality Disorder: affective disturbance, impulsivity, cognitive problems, and intense unstable relationships. Before diagnosis, Doctors must establish that patterns of affective instability, impulsivity, and unstable relationships have been consistent over time. Therefore, obtaining the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s detailed history is crucial. Many of the same features can be found in patients with Bipolar Disorder. Dysphorias, hyperactivity, impulsivity, andRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder And Mental Disorders844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAs stated previously, Borderline Personality Disorder is misdiagnosed for possible several reasons. One reason co-occurrence, individuals may come into the therapist office complaining about depression, and not bring up the signs that are associated with Borderline Personality Disorder. Therapists are unaware and only treats the signs of other mental disorders. The common misdiagnosis symptoms are seen in bipolar, antisocial and substance abuse. According to SAMSHA, early detections and interventionsRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Borderline )1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPaper: Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness that directly affects oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, moods, and relationships/socialization skills. Borderline personality disorder often is associated with co-occurring disorders like depression, suicidal behaviors, anxiety, abuse of drugs and alcohol, as well as eating disorders. The behavior of a person diagnosed with borderline is also described to erratic and impulsive. The cause of borderline personality disorder
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Bernard Bragg is a deaf individual who was a major player in making deaf performance theater come into the mainstream. In his life he managed to teach hundreds of students about performing, and touched countless others by these performances. He is an individual who not only had a major impact in the deaf community, but his actions also resonated in the hearing community just as loudly. Bragg was a founding member of the National Theater for the Deaf, and in the establishment of a new concept, he tore down barriers that had stood for ages. Bernard was born on September 27, 1928 in Brooklyn, New York to parents who were also deaf. BernardÃ¢â¬â¢s first role model in life, much like many young men, was his father. The name of his father was Ã¢â¬Å"Wolf Bragg, who was a talented actorÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Bernard BraggÃ¢â¬ , 2007). Wolf was not a well know actor but was involved enough in the theater to cause Bernard to take a large interest in the matter. Bragg attended school at the New Y ork School for the Deaf, which is referred to as Fanwood by many members of the Deaf community (Evans, 2015). After completion of primary school Bragg continued his education at Gallaudet College, as it was known at the time, and studied theater. During his time at Gallaudet Bragg lead many different productions including Ã¢â¬Å"MoliÃ ¨reÃ¢â¬â¢s The Mister, The Bourgeois Gentleman, and TartuffeÃ¢â¬ (Evans, 2015). However, he did not only spend his time in productions of plays, he was also a highly awarded poet during
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Treatment of Women in a Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream The general treatment of women in ancient times such as the Elizabethan and the Ancient Greek era varied in great degrees from the treatment of women in the contemporary twenty-first century. In more ancient eras, women were generally viewed as menÃ¢â¬â¢s property and not as individual human beings. Women were not even allowed to choose their spouse. It was common that this type of arrangement was made by their family, and the determining factors were usually age, social status and wealth. In A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream Hermia jeopardizes the future of her entire family with the refusal of marriage to Demetrius and also goes drastically against the ruling society of her time. It was unthinkable forÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Titania objects due to personal connections to the boy. This results in Oberon applying the juice to TitaniaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes and hoping that the first thing she sees will be an abomination. Coincidently, there is a troop of actors in the area hoping to pe rform for a wedding. The play is entitled Pyramus and Thisbe, which is basically the ancient Greece version of Romeo and Juliet. During a scene Nick, the thespian portraying Pyramus, is waiting for his entrance. As Puck discovers this, he uses his powers to put an assÃ¢â¬â¢ head on him. Coincidently the first thing she sees is a man with an assÃ¢â¬â¢ head; Nick. The effect of the juice has it that she falls in love with him. Thus in the end, Oberon steals the child while she is doting over the ass head, yet in the end he supplies her with the antidote, which results in her believing that she dreamt the experience. In the end, she gives in to Oberon. With her first act Titania goes directly against Elizabethan society and refuses her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s demand; however, in the end she changes and fits back into the role which society during that time created for women. Queen Elizabeth began to bring about the reversal of the patriarchal society of her time by directly refusing the d emand to marry. William Shakespeare gives insight into the treatment of Women during Greek and Elizabethan times in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream and also opens our minds to love relationships.Show MoreRelatedSociety in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream by William Shakespeare1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesable to manipulate his worlds to allow his audience to see everything from all sides. In A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream and discussed in Ã¢â¬Å"Jack shall have Jill;/Nought shall go illÃ¢â¬ by Shirley Nelson Garner, in order for the world of men and patriarchal society and hierarchies to be secure and be well, the homoerotic relationships and relationships between women have to be subdued. Although A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream is a comedy, we can observe through important scenes what Shakespeare may imply when it comesRead MoreWomens Roles In Hermia And Juliet By Shakespeare1079 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPatricia Patrick 9 October 2017 Not Your Choice, Woman! During Elizabeth times women had no control over their lives, personal decisions and future. Shakespeare does a great job challenging the typical stereotypes of female roles during the Elizabeth times. Despite the persistence of men trying to diminish women as and view them submissive and weaker. Through the characters of Hermia and Juliet Shakespeare portrays women as strong and independent willing to aggressively take control of their futureRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of August Strindberg s Play Miss Julie1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfrom Marx s Manifesto of the Communist Party, Ã¢â¬Å"The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles,Ã¢â¬ (Lermert 43). The second from RockwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s book The Craftsmen of Dionysus: An Approach to Acting, Ã¢â¬Å"An exact duplication of real life is not the purpose of the theatreÃ¢â¬ânor of any art. In order to present his special insight, the artist selects, heightens, distorts.Ã¢â¬ Concerned with the treatment of people based on their ascribed or achieved economic status, Marx spearheaded andRead MoreMale Dominance in a Midsummers Night Dream1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMidsummerÃ¢â¬â¢s Night Dream. Almost in every play of Shakespeare we can see the dominance of males over women. In his plays women have no right to say what they think or what they want. They are always expected to be faithful to their fathers and husbands. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any freedom about their lives. However we know that this attitude of men against women in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays is a reflection of Renaissance society. We can see the most remarkable examples of male dominance in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s DreamRead MoreA Midsummer Nights Dream By William Shakespeare1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrepresent how they are either fickle and faithful allows us as a reader to figure it out at our own accord. Theseus can be described as faithful but with elements of fickle, character within A Midsummer Nights dream. It has been said by Shirley Nelson Garner, a critic that Ã¢â¬Å"Theseus remains a Ã¢â¬Ëlover-and-leaver of womenÃ¢â¬â¢, who having abducted Hippolyta, naturally sympathises with EguesÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to force Hermia into marriage with DemetriusÃ¢â¬ . It is clear to the audience that Theseus wishes to love and respectRead MoreA Midsummer Night s Dream Essay1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, one of the most poignant similes occurs when Theseus advises Hermia that she should yield to her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes because she is his creation, a figure in wax, and he has the power to command her, mold her, or destroy her at will (MND I.I.49-51). In Athenian society, a woman is expected to yield control of her life to men and to allow them to mold her affections to their will. The simile of a woman as a wax figure suggest that the only resolution to co nflict is for theRead Morethe plot of Dr. Faustus.2865 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesFaustus body, torn to pieces. Epilogue. The Chorus emphasizes that Faustus is gone, his once-great potential wasted. The Chorus warns the audience to remember his fall, and the lessons it offers. A Midsummer Nights Dream Summary HYPERLINK http//www.gradesaver.com/midsummer-nights-dream/ A Midsummer Nights Dream takes place in Athens. HYPERLINK http//www.gradesaver.com/character.htmlcharacter3526 Theseus, the Duke of Athens, is planning his marriage with HYPERLINK http//www.gradesaver.com/character.htmlcharacter3527Read MoreTransgressing Prescribed Gender Roles in Shakespeare Essay1502 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesserious nature of gender and identity, while also adding to the comic relief of the play through the use of dramatic irony. The serious potential of transgressing gender roles is explored through Rosalinds ability to subvert the limitations that society imposes on her as a woman (Howard 221) and gain power through masculine identity. Her transgressing of gender boundaries permits her to escape the restrictive system of male patriarchy that is Duke Fredericks reign, take control of her destiny,Read MoreContext Taming of the Shrew1767 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Taming of the Shrew is one of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s earliest comedies, and it shares many essential characteristics with his other romantic comedies, such as Much Ado About Nothing and A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream. These characteristics include light-hearted and slapstick humor, disguises and deception, and a happy ending in which most of the characters come out satisfied. The light-heartedness of these romantic comedies contrasts sharply with the darker humor and deeper characterization of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s A Mids ummer Night s Dream, And Twelfth Night2381 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesand Juliet, A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, and Twelfth Night. Although he has been dead for 400 years, these pieces are still being read and analyzed under scrutiny today. One of the plays that seems to get the most attention is Hamlet. Much of the diction uses double entendre which causes much dispute among critics, and because of this there have been many elements of this play that have been put under a very fine microscope. One of these is the main male charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ treatment of the women in the play
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Primary Healthcare Nursing Principles. Answer: Primary healthcare (PHC) is essential healthcare which is based on sound scientific and socially suitable processes and technology. These factors are formulated in a way that makes healthcare acceptable to all communities, families and individuals. PHC therefore is the approach to healthcare that focuses much on health equity in socially acceptable ways. This is considered as the cornerstone of general health systems (Barnett et al., 2012). The following are principles of primary healthcare and their application in the setting of a rural nurse (role). Rural nurses give healthcare services in remote areas (isolated) where the patients suffer limited access to Medicare facilities. Typically, they work in labor and delivery, trauma, critical care nursing units and they also carry out usual nursing duties e.g. caring for inured and sick patients. In some cases the rural nurses could be primary care providers to the whole community. This might turn out to be rewarding in the sense that most times the patients will be family members, neighbors, close friends and generally familiar people. The rural nurses therefore will treat patients ailing common acute illnesses, those with chronic conditions and educate the rural community on health and wellness (Mason, 2012). Rural nurses go through the hardship of balancing between cost and quality, conflicting agendas presentation dealing with many stake holders and dealing with everyday pressure and stress (Nsemo et al., 2013). On top of all this they need to ensure that the most effective and efficient individualized compassionate care is given to clients who comprise of family and friends all the time. There are keys to succeeding as a rural nurse includes: a comprehensive success system; a success toolkit; complete comprehension of the rural nurses roles and application of best practices. Their top goal is to deliver high quality nursing care, coordinate and supervise the healthcare environment in the rural areas (Barnette et al., 2012). The rural nurse role is applied in relation to the principles of primary healthcare elaborated as follows. Accessibility It is concerned with making sure that care services (primary) are affordable, available and equally provided to all individuals not regardless of the location, ethnic group, age or gender (Bramble et al., 2013). Compassionate and comprehensive community centered care should be accessible to all individuals. The rural nurse should be conversant with the community surrounding their Medicare facility to be able to know their social economic needs. This determines the patients access to healthcare facilities either influenced by transportation or healthcare costs. By doing this the rural nurse will be able to subsidize healthcare through government interventions or even provide patients means of transport e.g. Ambulances. The rural nurse also takes into account the communitys culture to ensure delivery of culture appropriate care so as not to push away patients with cultural differences and believes (Mason, 2012). They ensure the staff shuns away from tribalism and treats all their patients with equality. Health promotion Maybe done through helping people through strengthening of their social economic conditions that contributes to good health. The prerequisites of good health are food, education, shelter, income, peace, social justice and sustainable resources. Therefore its a believe that treating a person involves considering where and how they live and the challenges they face in their everyday life (Easom et al., 2012). Health promotion can be in terms of orientation that includes individual perspective where people are helped to make health decisions, holistic orientation, engage in health promotion activities and health care that is client focused (Abdulraheem et al., 2012). The rural nurses provide psychological support, collaboration with patients, enabling participation of patients and nurse patient communication. They do this through carrying out voluntary work in the community and collaboration with professionals in the community. They do this through churches, visits to schools and organize door to door campaigns in rural areas. Mostly vaccinations are done door to door with the help of communitys governance e.g. Chiefs along with clan elders. It also involves public health orientation that deals with disease prevention; focus is put on diagnosis and physical health and helping chronic disease patients. It also deals with authoritative approach that is, traditional health education, giving patients information and changing individuals behavior. The rural nurse organizes and oversees all these activities (Easom et al, 2012). Communication is the most important skill; it involves maintaining interaction with patients and having good relationship skills. In addition they should be aware of existing cultural aspects of health and how economics influences peoples health. Appropriate use of technology This includes using affordable, culturally acceptable and feasible medical technologies to community and individuals. It required integration of modern technology to ensure efficient and effective service delivery. While majority of the people believe that technological improvements will increase the safety, quality and efficiency of healthcare at low costs, some people consider some technologies as the result of errors and adverse effects in Medicare (Phillips et al., 2012). As much as technology holds much promise to improved Medicare, a few problems, practitioner or device related are inevitable. Therefore in the delivery of care and use of technology, rural nurses should be able to put in place systems to eliminate these errors, teach the stuff about patient safety at all times and help to avoid adverse events. Technology has been often described as both part of the solution and also part of the problem. Problems emerging from sheer volume of new introduction of devices should be the rural nurses responsibility. The nurse should pay attention to new technology implementation and monitor its integration in the healthcare environment in rural areas. Technology in its broadness also involves some paper based tool and clinical protocols in addition to devices such as syringes and catheters (Pimmer et al., 2014). The rural nurse thus moderates and mediates factors that affect technology use to patients and other practitioners in rural areas. The nurse can also capitalize on technology to make mobile healthcare services a one stop healthcare service delivery system to access the very deep interior areas. Public participation This involves addressing problems (health) from the roots (rural areas) by using all community resources. This helps the community to take ownership in its peoples health and wellness. Rural nurses play a big role in promotion of public health. Traditionally nurses focused on changing individuals behavior in relation to their health and disease prevention (Muth et al., 2014). Nurses experience and multidisciplinary knowledge has made their role as promoters complex. Health promotions lead to numerous positive outcomes such as patients knowledge about their illnesses, improved quality of life and self management (Esther Thatcher Eunhee Park, 2012). Rural nurses ensure public participation through involving the rural people in deciding how to carry out vaccinations, days and time when they are comfortable to receive vaccinations so that people are not left out. And in so doing they feel that they are part of the program thus supporting it. The rural nurses can also organize health camps where people come and receive free medical advice and care. This could help to reach many people (Nsemo et al., 2013). However, nurses have not been influenced by practical practices of health promotion due to adaptation of individualistic approach and behavior changing perspective (Nancarrow et al., 2013). Rural nurses therefore should be focused to ways of redirecting nurse education towards health promotion principles away from being only disease oriented. Integration of the challenges of delivering healthcare in rural areas should be studied in school to prepare nursing students for that kind of experience. Intersectoral collaboration It should be recognized that well being of peoples health is not solely dependent on healthcare services that are effective. Other organizations, businesses and governments are of equal importance in promoting a peoples health and self dependence (Newhouse et al., 2013). The definition of health according to the World Health Organization is a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing. There are broad aspects of wellbeing that a single sector (health) can handle alone. This calls for a variety of inputs from many sectors. Taking an example, the education sector improves literacy, technology and industrial sectors develop appropriate technology and poverty reduction is an initiative of economic and strategic planning sectors (Visagie Schneider, 2014). School health programs improve childrens well being, therefore reducing absenteeism and improving learning in the long run. Rural nurses collaborate with school administrations to create time for the nurses to visit schools and give students lectures about health living, importance of healthcare and also use this opportunities to announce vaccination dates so that many people can become aware. They also visit women organizations and enlighten them about health issues facing women e.g., home deliveries risks and importance of immunizing their newborns. Collaboration between all sectors is healthy for the improvement of the patients and societies well being. The rural nurse should facilitate the collaboration where required (Abdulraheem et al., 2012). In sum, primary healthcare acknowledges that healthcare is not short term intervention but a continuous process of improving the lives of people especially in grass root areas. This also includes alleviating their social economic conditions that result to poor health. With all this interventions and rural nurse practice, excellent healthcare service delivery will be achieved. References Abdulraheem, B. I., Olapipo, A. R., Amodu, M. O. (2012). Primary health care services in Nigeria: Critical issues and strategies for enhancing the use by the rural communities. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 4(1), 5-13. Barnett, K., Mercer, S. W., Norbury, M., Watt, G., Wyke, S., Guthrie, B. (2012). Epidemiology of multimorbidity and implications for health care, research, and medical education: a cross-sectional study. The Lancet, 380(9836), 37-43. Bramble, J. D., Abbott, A. A., Fuji, K. T., Paschal, K. A., Siracuse, M. V., Galt, K. (2013). Patient Safety Perspectives of Providers and Nurses: The Experience of a Rural Ambulatory Care Practice Using an EHR With E?prescribing. The Journal of Rural Health, 29(4), 383-391. Easom, L. R., Quinn, M. E. (2012). Rural elderly caregivers: Exploring folk home remedy use and health promotion activities. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 6(1), 32-46. Esther Thatcher MSN, R. N., Eunhee Park BSN, R. N. (2012). Evolving public health nursing roles: focus on community participatory health promotion and prevention. Online journal of issues in nursing, 17(2), B1. Mason, W. A. (2012). Oregon's economic crisis and the national nursing shortage: a transformational opportunity for rural areas. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 4(1), 64-74. Muth, C., van den Akker, M., Blom, J. W., Mallen, C. D., Rochon, J., Schellevis, F. G., ... Perera, R. (2014). The Ariadne principles: how to handle multimorbidity in primary care consultations. BMC medicine, 12(1), 223. Nancarrow, S. A., Booth, A., Ariss, S., Smith, T., Enderby, P., Roots, A. (2013). Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work. Human resources for Health, 11(1), 19. Newhouse, R. P., Himmelfarb, C. D., Morlock, L., Frick, K. D., Pronovost, P., Liang, Y. (2013). A phased cluster-randomized trial of rural hospitals testing a quality collaborative to improve heart failure care: organizational context matters. Medical care, 51(5), 396-403. Phillips, J. L., Piza, M., Ingham, J. (2012). Continuing professional development programmes for rural nurses involved in palliative care delivery: an integrative review. Nurse education today, 32(4), 385-392. Pimmer, C., Brysiewicz, P., Linxen, S., Walters, F., Chipps, J., Grhbiel, U. (2014). Informal mobile learning in nurse education and practice in remote areasA case study from rural South Africa. Nurse education today, 34(11), 1398-1404. Visagie, S., Schneider, M. (2014). Implementation of the principles of primary health care in a rural area of South Africa. African journal of primary health care family medicine, 6(1), 1-10.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss about the the Importance of Career and Goals after the Completion of Post Graduation. Answer: Introduction After the post graduation, the students like me can suffer from dilemma as if which career is to choose and how to get settled in life. However, becoming a kitchen Manager is considered to be one of the fruitful goals who are well acquainted with the workings of the Kitchen (Solberg et al. 2012). Student can study Hotel Management and pursue this career goal as an important one. For the career set up, proper training is necessary so that the students accordingly achieve some guidance, so that it becomes helpful for them to set objectives in life (Solberg et al. 2012). I am looking forward to become a Kitchen manager after my post- graduation degree. To understand the importance of being a Kitchen Manager, it is significant to understand how this can be achieved. The responsibility of a Kitchen manager incorporates the overall operations of the area of the Kitchen in a restaurant. Against this scenario, it is important to identify the careers and objectives of the aim and the goals ar e needed to be set up in order to achieve the profession (Gysbers 2013). Perfect job and career After doing the graduation, the students are as already mentioned suffer from dilemma that the courses that they are going to take after the completion of their certain degrees (Neal et al 2012). However, I who has knack for cooking or managing Kitchen can transform this passion to career. Therefore, to say what is the job description of the Kitchen Manager? The Kitchen Managers responsibility to look after the operations for the back of the house and also supervise the area of the kitchen in a restaurant (Walker 2016). The Kitchen manager also hires staff, purchase the food and stock and also ensure that whoever engaged in the kitchen work is properly trained and can manage the other techniques of the kitchen. It is also the responsibility of the manager of the Kitchen to look that the companys prestige and reputation is fine (Walker 2016). Therefore, the manager plays a significant role to make sure that the look and presentation of the food is good and well arranged and also to ma ke sure that the Kitchen area is cleaned on a regular basis. The manager does make sure that the leftover food disposed properly and the kitchen is meeting the standards of sanitary. I would like to become a Kitchen manager because other than having knack for managing kitchen, I have also developed the skills of problem solving and decision making. I have the capability to manage my co employees and cooperate with them. To become a Kitchen Manager there are other certain functions which are needed to follow. Therefore, this includes, the working of the Kitchen manager. He also make sure to go through the books through keeping the tabs on the cost of the food, employees and the managers through the management also keep his level best in order to make its profit optimize for the company and also make sure that they make the dining experience proper and arranged (Coleman 2013). Therefore, the Kitchen manager is bestowed with many responsibilities and the proper management can bring success to the development of the Kitchen area, would attract customers more and make the companys prestige to go high. Management is a skill and if pursued properly, it can take someone to reach a better goal in life. It has been estimated that the manager of the kitchen make at least $24 per hour or $49000 per year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) (Coleman 2013; Jin 2013). The different companies provide different posts and if it fits the requirements of the Kitchen managers (See Appendix: A). Career in Guzmany Y Gomez To become a Kitchen Manager, a bachelors degree in the management of the food service is not required. Once they get hired, the chains of the restaurants make managers ready through the intense programs which incorporate the real kitchen and the classroom experiences. Certification is available for this course. I am looking forward to settle down in the restaurant name Guzman Y Gomez where the scope of higher as they want someone as an Assistant Kitchen manager with a good scope of Salary. The company also gained competitive advantages in the competitive market and therefore, they are looking forward to take someone who can best fit their services with a good quality leadership. Careers, Career management and Career success Career is the goal of life that I want to achieve through the completion of becoming a Kitchen manager. To achieve this particular career, the need of self-assessing myself, then the goals are needed to be checked and according the plans are needed to set out in actions. After I judged myself that I am perfect for this career and accordingly if the action plan that I have considered are implemented properly then it will lead to the success of my career. Therefore, the career management and success in necessary to build proper ideals about the goals that I want to achieve. The Job Skills Providing service to the customer by waging interaction with them. Showing a friendly and being courteous which would keep the customers attached with the hotel and they would look forward to come back. I need to keep eyes on the lot of intricate elements which includes the standards of food, safety and cost of the food. I as a manager must act as a leader in the back house leading the team during the huge shifts, trying to manage conflicts if taking place between the employees in the kitchen area and the manager as a leader do make sure that the job is done properly. The management skills acquired by Kitchen Manager not only deals with the food but also deals with the cost price, creates a number of work schedules and also make sure that the work is done properly on time. The management skills are the part of the leadership qualities and it should be implemented properly, which I have. The Kitchen manager always take responsibility to do shipments, clean the schedules and create more and becomes more organized while doing a crucial job. The kitchen manager has the skills of problem solving which incorporates dealing with the conflicts between the employees and also must have the capacity to come with the solution more quickly. I must be accurate and easily meet the standards and could also communicate the necessary ideas to the people who are working under him. In this way the manager can show his leadership skills by managing the environment of the kitchen and keeping the reputation of the company high. Recognition Primed Decision The Kitchen managers spend longer days around cooking hot food which is more of it on the feet. I have all the relevant skills to implement and I am quite confident about it. The most important skill that I acquired is the Problem Solving decision with my employees and understands their emotions while they are working with me. The much needed cooperation with them is needed in this particular career. By following the model of Recognition Primed Decision I have the capability to solve the problems. According to this model, the decision maker generates a course of action by comparing to the constraints imposed by the circumstances and situations. For example : If I judge a decision, it is important to identify the problem solving course and secondly, to judge the actions that I would take in order to solve the problem in a company (Zsambok 2014). (Figure: Recognition Primed Decision) (Zsambok 2014). Goals setting or motivation theory There are three goals of Motivation which includes Taylors Theory of Scientific Management, Mayos theory of Human Relations and Maslow and Herzbergs theory of Human Needs. These include the motivation of the worker and sense of cooperation with the employees . The Goal setting theory is the effects of setting goals on the subsequent performance. Edwin Locke proposed the five important principles of the setting of the goals and it includes clarity, challenge, feedback, commitment and the completion of the task (Locke 2013). Clarity: I need to make a measurable and a clear goal is needed to be set out and it does require a particular framework of time to achieve it. If one wants to be a kitchen manager, he needs to set that target clearly with both short and long term goals which has to be measurable. Challenges: Goals are met with numerous challenges and difficulties. Commitment: A kitchen manager, if I become, must be committed to the goals which involve the commitment to the services of the customer, employee contributions and program recognition (Locke 2013). Feedback: A feedback needs to be set up which would provide push to the development of ones performances. Completion of task: The Kitchen manger needs to make sure that even if the task is difficult to complete, he keeps on working on the gaps and make sure that the task is being completed in time. Firstly, I need to take a concrete step to make the goals enhancing. The Short time goals for the me would be joining as an Assistant team manager who would look after the meeting the standard of the safety of food and the quality to make sure that the guest experience is doing fine (Northhouse 2015). I learn from his senior in terms of the development of the staffs, profitability and also ticket times. The Assistant Kitchen manager must make the staffs to be accountable for the performances and make sure that the staff is well secured in the environment (Northhouse 2015; Walker 2015). In the long term goals, The Assistant manager must prove his efficiency to the company and can take over the post of the Kitchen manager. This road to take the path of the Kitchen manager must include proper planning, efficiency and proper handling of the customers and staffs (Wang and Tsai 2014). Then in next 10 years The post can of Sr. Kitchen manager who has gained more experiences with time and can also assist the Restaurant manager with the working of the administration. Then in the next 15-20 years, the post of Restaurant Manager can be achieved. This all together set the career goal and these goals are needed to be draft properly in order to ensure oneself about the future vision and prospect (See Appendix: B). Conclusion To conclude it could be stated that the post of the Kitchen manager is one of the lucrative posts and to achieve the post, I need to work hard and make sure whatever they achieve, it meets their goals and challenges. The challenges will be there but it is up to me to make a greater selection of their goals and start working upon it until their meet those goals. To achieve this, a plan needs to set out and make sure that the goals are achieved smoothly and properly. References Coleman, E., Delea, K., Everstine, K., Reimann, D., Ripley, D. and Environmental Health Specialists Network Working Group, 2013. Handling practices of fresh leafy greens in restaurants: receiving and training.Journal of food protection,76(12), pp.2126-2131. Gysbers, N.C., 2013. Career?ready students: A goal of comprehensive school counseling programs.The Career Development Quarterly,61(3), pp.283-288. Jin-Woo, J., 2013. A study on the effects of a hotel kitchen manager's ethical leadership on leader-member exchange and organizational citizenship behavior.Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Studies,15(2), pp.232-249. Locke, E.A. and Latham, G.P., 2013. Goal setting theory, 1990.New developments in goal setting and task performance, pp.3-15. Neal, J.A., Binkley, M. and Henroid, D., 2012. Assessing factors contributing to food safety culture in retail food establishments.Food Prot Trends,32(8), pp.468-76. Northouse, P.G., 2015.Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications. Solberg, V.S., Phelps, L.A., Haakenson, K.A., Durham, J.F. and Timmons, J., 2012. The nature and use of individualized learning plans as a promising career intervention strategy.Journal of Career Development,39(6), pp.500-514. Walker, J.R., 2015.Exploring the Hospitality Industry, 2/e. Pearson Education India. Walker, J.R., 2016.Introduction to hospitality. Pearson Higher Ed. Wang, Y.F. and Tsai, C.T., 2014. Employability of hospitality graduates: Student and industry perspectives.Journal of Hospitality Tourism Education,26(3), pp.125-135. Zsambok, C.E., 2014.Naturalistic decision making. Psychology Press.